Dyslexia and language learning. Eva Southwell Notre Dame

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Dyslexia is a common learning difficulty that primarily causes problems with reading, writing, and spelling. Although unlike a learning disability, intelligence is not affected. It is estimated that one in 10 people suffer from some degree of dyslexia in the UK. Dyslexia is a lifelong problem that presents challenges on a daily basis.

Dyslexia is often associated with difficulties in accurate and fluent word recognition as well as many other aspects of language production and use. Dyslexia is often hereditary and numerous studies suggest that it has neurobiological origins. People with dyslexia tend to have lower working memory capacity than the average person. On the other hand, people with dyslexia often have good skills in other areas such as creative thinking and problem solving.

As people with dyslexia often find it harder to remember things, it becomes more difficult to apply knowledge in the area of ​​languages ​​as they may forget to focus on grammar, punctuation and have trouble forming a sentence. complete in another language. In addition to this, many people with dyslexia have reduced phonemic awareness, which means difficulty when it comes to perceiving differences between sounds. This causes difficulties in reading not only in their first language but also in their second. Some languages ​​are more problematic for learners with dyslexia, such as French and English, because the sounds of the language do not clearly correspond to letter combinations. While Spanish, Italian and German are more transparent languages ​​with understandable letter-sound correspondence.

When studying a language, many people with dyslexia find it beneficial to use multisensory learning to help them.

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