The majority of pupils in primary and secondary education in the European Union study at least one foreign language: in 2020, 96.1% of pupils in primary education, 98.4% of pupils in lower secondary education and 90, 3% of upper secondary education in the EU have studied at least one foreign language.
For Latvia, the equivalent figures were 98.2%, 98% and 93.6%.
In 2020, 60% of pupils in general upper secondary education in the EU studied two or more foreign languages as compulsory subjects or as compulsory curriculum options. In Latvia, the figure was 82%. In upper secondary vocational education, this share was 35% for the EU as a whole and 54% for Latvia.
In Luxembourg and France, all pupils in general upper secondary education have studied at least two foreign languages. Romania, Finland and Czechia also recorded a high share of students studying two or more languages (all 99%). These Member States were closely followed by Slovakia and Estonia (98% each), Slovenia (96%) and Croatia (94%).
Regarding upper secondary vocational education, Romania was the only Member State where almost all pupils (97%) studied two or more foreign languages in 2020. Finland (89%) followed, followed by Luxembourg and Poland (77% each). Next. Latvia lags slightly on this measure, registering 54%, but remains well above the EU average of 35%.
In 2020, English was the most studied foreign language at general and vocational upper secondary education level in the EU, with 96% and 79% of pupils respectively learning it.
In terms of general education, Spanish comes second (27%), followed by French (22%), German (21%) and Italian (3%). Furthermore, Russian was the most commonly learned non-Community language in the EU (3%), particularly in Estonia (67%) and Latvia (57%), followed by Lithuania (30%) and Bulgaria (24%).
In vocational education, German comes second (18%), followed by French (17%), Spanish (7%) and Russian (2%). In this case, Russian was learned in Latvia (44%), Bulgaria (25%) and Cyprus (16%).
Overall, the most studied foreign languages in Latvia were English (98%), Russian (56%), German (26%), French (6%) and Spanish (2. 5%).
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